1780 A.D., the ‘Gular Kalam’ was at its peak. Recently a workshop and exhibition were organized at Dharamsala for the protection, promotion, and preservation of Kangra style of painting. Kangra paintings are known for the lyrical blending of form and color. The love story of Radha and Krishna which was the main source of spiritual experience, portrayed incidents from the life of the young Krishna. The recurring theme of Kangra painting whether it portrays one of the six seasons or modes of music, Radha and Krishana or Siva and Parvati is the love of man for woman and of woman for man. Published: Dr. Pratapadiyta Pal, Collecting Art in British India. Read More. The arms of lovers are about each other’s neck. The main subjects of the painting are Krishna Leela, Rukmini Mangal, Ramayan, Mahabharath, and Kama Sutra. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. Going beyond Kangra painting 2 min read. Some scholars consider Basohli as the origin place of Pahari School. The artists made use of multiple shades of green as they always put a special display of natural settings and featured flowering plants and creepers, leafless trees, rivulets and brooks. Workshop for Kangra Painting. Between Kangra and Delhi there are regular daily flights. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. A journey on this track passes through scenic valley. The Guler-Kangra art is the art of drawing and the drawing is precise and fluid, lyrical and naturalistic. Bhagvata Purana and the love poems Gita-Govinda of Jaidev were the most popular subjects dealing with the legends and the amorous plays of Radha and Krishna symbolising soul’s devotion to God. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. explore subjects in art. The figure of youthful coy nayika seen in Kangra miniatures is an ideal physical type which is slender and elegant, radiating infinite charm, sensitiveness and refinement. Kangra Art | 15257. withAurangzeb prohibition of art, artist from Mughal court took shelter in hilly state of Himalayaslike chamba,basohli,guler,kangra,mandi,Kulu,garhwal etc. Then it entered Kangra and came to be known as ‘Kangra Kalam’. The royal atelier of Kangla produced a large number of paintings covering diverse subjects. The art form gained prominence with the fall of Bashoi school. The Kangra painting excels in the female figures, which were generally conceived as the embodiments of youth, beauty and emotive sentiment. The main theme of the Pahari painting is the depiction of people. The women are the focal point in the paintings. This style reached its zenith during the reign of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch (r.1776-1824) who was a great patron of Kangra art. Colors made of vegetable and mineral extracts are used by the artists. The painting style draws its name from the former princely state of Himachal Pradesh, Kangra. Road: Kangra is well connected by road to cities like Delhi, Chandigarh and Shimla. Kangra paintings originated and flourished at Guler, Basholi, Chamba, Nurpur, Bilaspur etc. So, most of the Mughal artist went to hill where they got shelter and there they invented a different new style of painting known as Pahari School of Art. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Updated: 12 Jul 2019, 12:54 PM IST Avantika Bhuyan. The picture that emerges from the Kangra paintings had come to represent the Pahari Style. … and the delicate and lyrical Kangra. The central theme of Kangra paintings revolves around human love and its celebration. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Apart from female beauty there is also a loving interest in landscapes, the countryside, the rivers, trees, birds, cattle, and flowers which have been very meticulously portrayed in these paintings. Kangra Painting Kangra art is the visual expression of a cultural movement with roots in a great spiritual upsurge. Eye meets eye, the whispering sakhis speak of nothing else but the course of Krishna’s courtship, the very animals are spell-bound by the sound of Krishna’s flute, and the elements stand still to hear the raga and raginis. The principal Centre of Kangra paintings was Kangra Valley where the artists worked under the patronage of the hill Rajas of Guler, Kangra and Nurpur. The depiction of the scenes described in these books became the popular there for the Kangra miniature artists. The British district included the present-day districts of Kangra, Hamirpur, Kullu, and Lahul and Spiti. At the zenith of its refinement, Kangra painting presents a pure melody of flowing lines and glowing colours, breathing out a sense of space, tranquillity and poetic sentiment. Egrets and plantain trees are seen on the bank of a stream filled with red lotuses and leaves. Aurangzeb was a cruel Mughal ruler, He hated painting and music. Guler painters were largely influenced by the grandeur and demeanour of their masters. In these styles the faces are well modelled and shaded so judiciously that they possess almost porcelain-like delicacy. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, cu choro debitis accusamus qui. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. Even the unfinished pictures and sketches reveal their own charms, in the free-hand movement of sensitive and spontaneous lines. The sentiment of love remained the inspiration and the central theme of Pahari painting. Air: Kangra Airport at Gaggal is just 10 km from Kangra. The paintings were naturalistic and employed cool, fresh colors. The subjects are seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the lifestyle of the society of that period. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society. Feminine figures are depicted very beautifully in these paintings with soft and refined facial features. Verdant greenery of the landscape, brooks, springs were the recurrent images on the miniatures. It finds its true origins in the Guler painting thought and styles. The artists are also, however, being encouraged to explore other themes. Bhagavata Purana and the love poems Gita Govinda by Jayadevawere the most popular subjects dealing with the legends and the amorous plays of Radha an… The focal theme of Kangra painting is Shringar (the erotic sentiment). He wrote 23 scholarly books on such subjects at a time when the focus was on classical art." This painting is one of a series of Kangra paintings in the Museum's collection which depict various scenes from the life of Krishna. What Chinese art achieved for landscape, is here accomplished for human love. The distinguishing features of these paintings lie in their sensual and transparent beauty with fantastic colors. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. The credit goes to Raja Sansar Chand of Kangra, a great patron of art, who helped and inspired the artists even during the attack of Gurkhas. Later on this style also reached Mandi, Suket, Kulu, Arki, Nalagarh and Tehri Garhwal, are collectively known as Pahari painting. Pahari painting—sometimes referred to as Hill painting ( pahārī, “of the hills”)—is closely related in conception and feeling to Rājasthanī painting and shares with the Rājput art of the North Indian plains a preference for depicting legends of the cowherd god Krishna. Powered by, Upcoming event-Kangra Arts Exhibition July 13-15, 2019, The year 2018 at Kangra Arts Promotion Society. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Shringar (the erotic sentiment). The Kangra style is by far the most poetic and lyrical of Indian styles, says art historian J. C. Harle. The erotic sentiment or Shringar was the focal theme with a close representation of the then societal ways and arts. The three main centers of Kangra painting are Guler, Nurpur and Tira-Sujanpur. The second main pool of the subjects for Kangra paintings, like Tanjore painting, came form the religious and literary books of Indian mythology and the popular literature. Rail: Kangra is connected by the Pathankot – Jogindernagar narrow gauge rail line. The love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Ananda Coomaraswamy remarks: “The heroine’s eyes are large as any lotus flower, her tresses fall in heavy plaits, her breasts are firm and high, her thighs are full and smooth, her hands like rosy flowers, her gait as dignified as any elephant’s and her demeanour demuse.”. This is the main headline. They illustrate the finest specimens of various kinds of nayika described by the Hindi poets of the riti genre. However, they soon spread to other parts of hilly tracts like Mandi, Suket, Kulu etc. The other popular themes were Gita Govinda by Jayadeva and Bhagavata Purana. The main centre of Kangra paintings are Guler, Basohli, Chamba, Nurpur, Bilaspur and Kangra. To determine subject matter in a particular piece of art, ask yourself: What is actually depicted in this artwork? The pictorial art of Kangra is one of the finest gifts of India to the art-world. The style is made up of two markedly contrasting schools, the bold intense Basohli and the delicate and lyrical Kangra. In the background are a grove of trees, one with pink flowers, another entwined by a thick creeper. The subjects are seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the lifestyle of the society of that period. The Pahari School of Miniature Painting Origin and Development:-Gular is the supposed to be the place of origin of Pahari School according to different scholars. The other popular themes were Gita Govinda by Jayadeva and Bhagavata Purana. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. The colour scheme of Kangra painting appears to be toned down in such a way that it looks soft, cool but brilliant and cheerful. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Another subject of the Kangra paintings was the “Twelve Months”, in which the artists tried to bring out the effect of seasons round the year on the emotions of human beings. They were patronised by the Rajput rulers between 17th and 19 th centuries. Shringar (the erotic sentiment) is considered as the Focal theme of Kangra paintings. The term minimalism is also used to describe a trend in design and architecture where in the subject is reduced to its n... A Look Inside the Protein Bar. In 1780 A.D., the ‘Gular Kalam’ was at its peak. The colors were extracted from minerals, vegetables and possessed enamel-like luster. Here if never and nowhere else in the world, the western gates are open wide. So just like the painters in the court of Maharaja Sansar Chand Katoch (1776-1824), a Krishna bhakt and one of the patrons of Kangra painting, the artists working with KAPS continue to depict the life and amorous adventures of the blue-hued God, taking episodes from Bhagavata Purana and Jaidev’s Gita Govinda. Kangra became a district of British India in 1846, when it was ceded to British India at the conclusion of the First Anglo-Sikh War. Kangra District was part of the British province of Punjab. © 2021 Kangra Arts Promotion Society. Instead of painting flattering portraits of their masters and love scenes, the artistes adopted themes of eternal love between Radha and Krishna. The sentiment of love is the main subject of Guler-Kangra paintings. The scene was a nocturne with Radha and Krishna seated on a bed of leaves with the river flowing past the tryst in a gentle curve. The new arrivals mingled with the local artists and were greatly influenced by the atmosphere of the hills. © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021, Current Affairs MCQs PDF - December, 2020, Current Affairs [PDF] - December 16-31, 2020. Being a liberal patron, the painters working at his atelier received large commissions while others accepted a permanent settlement in the form of lands. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Sringar (the erotic sentiment). How love, war and Mughal fine art inspired Kangra painting In ‘Painting in the Kangra Valley’, Vijay Sharma analyses how Mughal traditions influenced paintings of the Guler and Kangra courts. However, the new style gathered such huge number of works that the Pahari Painting became synonymous with Kangra paintings. The love story of Radha and Krishna which was the main source of spiritual experience, portrayed incidents from the life of the young Krishna, against the Brindavan forest or river Yamuna. This great art originated in a small hill state ‘Guler’ in the Lower Himalayas in the first half of the eighteenth century when a family of Kashmiri painters trained in Mughal Style of painting sought shelter at the court of Raja Dalip Singh (r. 1695-1741) of Guler. Then it entered Kangra and came to be known as ‘Kangra Kalam’. Maharaja Sansar Chand was an ardent devotee of Krishna and used to commission artists to paint subjects based on the loves and life of Krishna. The sentiment of love is the main subject of guler-kangra … Acquired in London, c. 1950s-1960s. "The Eager Heroine on Her Way to Meet Her Lover out of Love (Kama Abhisarika Nayika)." Bhakti cult was the driving force and the love story of Radha and Krishna was the main source of spiritual experience, which was also the base for the visual expression. Like most art forms of the ancient era, the subjects of most paintings are Hindu gods, goddesses, and saints. Krishna subjects, known commonly as Krishna-lila predominate, while the themes of love, inspired by the nayaks and nayikas and baramasa enjoyed great favour. They are shown to be near perfect, extremely beautiful women with soft oval shape faces, with a delicate brow and a … There was a great emphasis on the display of nature and its various components. In some miniatures, the blue-god Krishna is seen dancing in the lush woodlands and every maiden’s eye are drawn to him. The subjects seen in Kangra painting exhibit the taste and the traits of the life style of the society of that period. This trend got morphed into eternal scenes painted in natural settings with colors extracted from minerals and vegetables. (25.4 x 18 cm.) The advent of the bhakti movement in North India had a tremendous impact, resulting in a preference for Krishna themes for the artists of Guler and Kangra. Provenance: Collection of Dr. K. Aterman. The focal theme of Kangra painting is Sringar (the erotic sentiment). According to Dr. A. K. Coomaraswamy, the pioneering historian of Indian art ‘What Chinese art achieved for landscape is here accomplished for human love’. A new style that was developed in the Himalayas, foothill of Punjab,garhwal and Jammu is known as Pahari school of miniature painting.It is mixed style of Gujrat, Mughal and Rajasthanischool. Thus, the drawings were an apt combination of precision, style, proportion and a romance of theme and expressions. Pahari painting—sometimes referred to as Hill painting (pahārī, “of the hills”)—is closely related in conception and feeling to Rājasthanī painting and shares with the Rājput art of the North Indian plains a preference for depicting legends of the cowherd god Krishna. Painting, opaque watercolour on paper, Radha in a gold-colored skirt and bodice with a transparent red veil sits embracing Krishna on a bed of plantain leaves. The term subjects in art refers to the main idea that is represented in the artwork. The Kangra Arts Promotion Society is trying to promote the traditional valuable products and arts in the socio-economic development of rural artisans. The subject in art is basically the essence of the piece. India, Kangra, circa 1800-1810 Opaque watercolor heightened with gold on paper 10 x 7 1/8 in. Kangra School of Painting From the end of the 18th century until the first part of the 19th the Kangra state was one of the most important of the mountain powers and had a prosperous and cultivated court which attracted many artists who were victims of the insecurity of the times. I was reminded of a reproduction of a painting of the Gita Govinda series in N. C. Mehta’s Studies in Indian Paintings, which I had seen in 1938. A careful attention was paid to the details. The Kangra miniatures are noted for portraying the famine charm with a natural grace. The female figures seen in these paintings are depicted as graceful and beautiful idealisations, handled by the painters with utmost delicacy and tenderness. Are Krishna Leela, Rukmini Mangal, Ramayan, Mahabharath, and Lahul and Spiti: What actually... Figures are depicted as graceful and beautiful idealisations, handled by the artists are,! 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